By 22/07/2015 6 Comments

Creating Custom Exceptions In C#

  • The C# provides several built-in exception types which are system level exceptions. These exceptions are generated/thrown by C# run-time system and also handled automatically by C.L.R (common language run-time compiler).
  • Like C#’s system level built-in exceptions we can also generate/throw our own custom exceptions in our programs and handle/catch them by our own custom classes.
  • It is easy to creating the custom exception classes, for do that we just inherit our custom derived class from a base System.Exception class. Our custom derived exception class contains all members (methods, properties etc.) of base System.Exception class and our derived class don’t need to implement any member of a base System.Exception class. However our custom exception class can override all virtual members of a base System.Exception class.
  • Remember our custom exception classes must call/access the overloaded constructors in a base Exception class through a base keyword.
  • Microsoft also recommends to derive custom exception classes from a base Exception class.

Example, A custom exception class:

using System;
namespace csharpAdvance
    // A custom user-defined exception class inherits base System.Exception class.
    class CustomZeroException : Exception
        // Four constructors.
        public CustomZeroException() : base() { }
        public CustomZeroException(string message) : base(message) { }
        public CustomZeroException(string message, Exception innerException) : base(message, innerException) { }

        // Override base class toString () method which returns an error message.
        public override string ToString()
            return this.Message;

    // Create a Calculator class.
    class Calculator
        // Static void method.
        public static void GetDivision(int number, int dividedBy)
            // if statement checks the condition.
            if (dividedBy != 0)
                int result = number / dividedBy;
                Console.WriteLine("Division answer: {0}", result);
            // Inside else statement a custom exception is being thrown with a custom error message.
                throw new CustomZeroException("Any value cannot divided by 0 in mathematics !");

    class Program
        static void Main(string[] args)
                // GetDivision() method inside try block.
                Calculator.GetDivision(10, 0);

            // CustomZeroException is handel/caught by catch.
            catch (CustomZeroException customZeroException)
                // Error message.
    /*  The Output will be:
        Any value cannot divided by 0 in mathematics !

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Posted in: C# Advance, C#.NET

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